typical high sulfur content kentucky coal

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Sulfur and ash in eastern Kentucky coals Journal Article

While demand for utility coal appears promising there is also a tightening of quality specifications particularly for sulfur The sulfur problem is of course not a new one and a substantial amount of information has been collected concerning the mode of occurrence of sulfur in coal In some...

Carbon Dioxide Emission Factors for Coal

The amount of heat emitted during coal combustion depends largely on the amounts of carbon hydrogen and oxygen present in the coal and to a lesser extent on the sulfur content Hence the ratio of carbon to heat content depends on these heat-producing components of coal and these components vary by coal rank...

Chapter 7 COAL

Coal is an organic rock as opposed to most other rocks in the earth s crust such as clays and sandstone which are inorganic it contains mostly carbon C but it also has hydrogen H oxygen O sulfur S and nitrogen N as well as some inorganic constituents minerals and water H2O...

Sulfur Coal

The total sulfur content of the high organic sulfur coals ranges from 37-41 wt with about 75 of the sulfur existing as organic sulfur Table 2 The total sulfur content of the low organic sulfur coal was 12 wt and 60 of the sulfur was in organic form The total sulfur contents of the ICDACs were between 085 to 26 wt Table 3...

Kentucky Air Quality Trends

Sulfur Dioxide Sulfur dioxide is a colorless gas that has a pungent odor at concentrations exceeding 05 parts-per-million Sulfur dioxide is produced by the combustion of sulfur-containing fuels ore smelting petroleum processing and the manufacture of sulfuric ac Coal-fired power plants are typically the largest sources of sulfur dioxide...

Bituminous Coal Characteristics and Applications

Jan 29 2020 0183 32 Bituminous coal contains moisture of up to approximately 17 About 05 to 2 percent of the weight of bituminous coal is nitrogen Its fixed carbon content ranges up to approximately 85 percent with ash content up to 12 by weight Bituminous coal can be categorized further by the level of volatile matter it contains high-volatile A B and C...

Argus Coal Daily

Sep 11 2017 0183 32 Meanwhile US coal export prices have remained stable Prior to last week when 11 300 Btu/lb coal with typical 3pc sulfur rose by 5pc to a seven-month high of 6140/t fob New Orleans prices for high-sulfur coal out of the US Gulf had risen by just 150/t or...

11 Bituminous And Subbituminous Coal Combustion

from coal combustion are primarily sulfur dioxide SO 2 with a much lower quantity of sulfur trioxide SO 3 and gaseous sulfat These compounds form as the organic and pyritic sulfur in the coal are oxidized during the combustion process On average about 95 percent of the sulfur present in bituminous coal will be emitted as gaseous SO x...

Typical Sulfur Dioxide Emissions From Subpart D Power

The plantwide average sulfur content where all units at a plant are subject to Subpart 0 but some units are using compliance low-sulfur coal and others are using an FGO o meet the S02 emission limits set forth in Subpart 0 would also not be representative of the plantwide sulfurcontent for...

Chemical Analyses and Physical Properties of 12 Coal

thickness and fixed-carbon content of 12 bituminous coal samples A and depth thickness and carbon-hydrogen atomic ratios of 12 bituminous coal samples B _____ 12 TABLES TABLE 1 Proximate and ultimate analyses heat content forms of sulfur free 173 swelling index ash-fusion temperature and specific-gravity...

Pittsburgh DOE Hydrogenates Coal with Syngas

Mar 05 2010 0183 32 Coal used was Kentucky Bituminous and West ia Bituminous Liquefaction of high sulfur bituminous coal at 3 000 psi under syngas in the presence of steam recycle vehicle and cobalt molybdate catalyst impregnated with potassium carbonate gives high coal conversions and oil yields at 400 to 450 C The asphaltene the sulfur...

Operational Considerations When Burning Higher

Feb 01 2015 0183 32 Based on the 1999 data used for Figure 2 the tonnage-weighted average chlorine content of the coal from Illinois mines was 021 and for western Kentucky...

Energy and

reserves of bituminous coal however because of the coal s high sulfur content production has been vi rtual ly stagnant since implementation of the Clean Air Act in 1970 even after later revisions to the act aimed at improving the market for high-sulfur coals Total I1S coal production has continued to...

Correlation of coal beds coal zones and key

The Clintwood coal bed is the stratigraphically lowest coal bed mined throughout the coal field In Whitley County the sulfur content increase from 06 at the base to nearly 12 in the top lithotype Pyrite in the high-sulfur lithotype is a complex mixture of sub- to few-micron syngenetic formsmore ยป...

Coal mining in the US West price and employment trends

West See table 2 and chart 4 Kentucky lost 12 400 coal-mining jobs Pennsylvania lost 8 600 and West ia lost 8 300 Ohio lost 3 900 jobs or 50 percent of its coal-mining employment as consumers substituted low-sulfur western coal for high-sulfur eastern coal In all the Western States...

Rail Coal Transportation Rates

Apr 28 2021 0183 32 For coal with a missing county that originated in Kentucky we assign all shipments with average sulfur content greater than 24 to the Illinois Basin and the others to central Appalachia For coal with a missing county that originated in West ia we assign all shipments with average sulfur content greater than 16 to northern...

COAL CHARACTERISTICS

Indiana Center for Coal Technology Research 12 SULFUR IN COAL Although coal is primarily a mixture of carbon black hydrogen red atoms sulfur atoms yellow are also trapped in coal primarily in two forms In one form 1 the sulfur is a separate particle often linked with iron green pyritic sulfur with no connection to the carbon...

Rockman s Coal Page

Lignite coal is the softest and is low in carbon but high in hydrogen and oxygen content It is a brownish black in color very crumbly and primarily used for the generation of electricity Because of its color it is often referred to as brown coalLignite is the result of millions of tons of plants and trees that decayed in a swampy atmosphere about 50-70 million years ago...

Coal Resources and Sulfur Emissions Regulations A

For example western Kentucky coal has a high average emission potential of 66 pounds of SO per million Bhj but moderate cleaning of the coal can provide a 315 percent reduction in SO- emissions The high ash and sulfur content of this coal is largely attributable to closely spaced paper-thin shaly partings In 1977 only 8 percent of...

What are the types of coal

The biggest coal deposit by volume is the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and Montana which the USGS estimated to have 107 trillion short tons of in-place coal resources 162 billion short tons of recoverable coal resources and 25 billion short tons of economic coal resources also called reserves in...

Types and Composition of Coal

Aug 16 2012 0183 32 Coal can contain up to 10 sulfur by weight although values of 1-4 are more typical depending on the region where the coal was extracted Sulfurous gases primarily sulfur dioxide produced by the combustion of fossil fuels are the major cause of acid rain and contribute to other pollution related health problems...

Sulfur in coals A review of geochemistry and origins

The No 11 coal is a high-sulfur coal with a large proportion of organic sulfur content 37 to 55 avg 44 and belongs to typical SHOS coal The high sulfur content in the Sangshuping coal...

Classification of Coal

Typical Sulfur Content in Coal Anthracite Coal 06 - 077 weight Bituminous Coal 07 - 40 weight Lignite Coal 04 weight Typical Moisture Content in Coal Anthracite Coal 28 - 163 weight Bituminous Coal 22 - 159 weight Lignite Coal 39 weight Typical Fixed Carbon Content in Coal Anthracite Coal 805 - 857 weight...

HYDRATION REACTIONS AND IN SELECTED CEMENTITIOUS

technology with a bed of limestone and high-sulfur bituminous coal whereas the Colorado demonstration plant uses the circulating FBC technology with a bed of sand/shale limestone and a low-sulfur bituminous coal 4 The two major classes of solids produced in the FBC processes are spent bed and fly ash...

Excess sulfur and Fe elements drive changes in soil and

Jun 26 2020 0183 32 The soil sulfur S was detected to be much higher in the soil of GP than CK-near and CK-far plots CK-near soil contained 01 177 006 sulfur and GP had 10 177 021...

USGS Fact Sheet 004

The coal is mined predominantly from underground mines and is used for electric power generation The Fire Clay coal is a high-calorific-value mediumash low-sulfur coal that is blended with other low-sulfur coals to meet current SO 2 emission standards table 2...

Coal Price Data and Indexes IHS Markit

The Australian 5 500 kc NAR FOB marker assesses the price of typical high-ash coals exported out of Australia cv adjusted to a 5 500 kc/kg NAR basis The material is 24 max ash 1 max sulphur FOB basis Newcastle port The minimum cargo size accepted for inclusion in the marker assessment is 50 000 t...

Coal mining in Kentucky

Secondly acid rain regulation found in the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendment has made Kentucky coal with its medium to high sulfur content less desirable That amendment requires companies to either remove the sulfur through scrubbers or switch to low-sulfur coal found in western states like Wyoming or submit to fines for their sulfur production...

Where Are the Low Sulphur Content Coal Mines in the US

Feb 09 2016 0183 32 Medium sulphur content coal has 061-167 pounds of sulphur per MMBtu and high sulphur content coal has more than 167 pounds of sulphur...

Variation of Hg content in low sulfur coals in relation to

Oct 08 2018 0183 32 Generally the anomalously high Hg level usually coincides with high sulfur content in high sulfur coals which is also the fashion for the low sulfur coals in this study In this study the average S content 06 wt for the higher Hg coals is about 15 times higher than the average value of the whole coals Table 1...

Bituminous coal coal classification Britannica

Bituminous coal also called soft coal the most abundant form of coal intermediate in rank between subbituminous coal and anthracite according to the coal classification used in the United States and Canada In Britain bituminous coal is commonly called steam coal and in Germany the term Steinkohle rock coal is used In the United States and Canada bituminous coal is divided...

Road Base Construction Utilizing Coal Waste Materials

Kentucky typically ranks among the top two or three states in coal production Coal fields of eastern Kentucky produce low 173 sulfur bituminous coals Western Kentucky coal fields produce a high-sulfur variety of bituminous coal Coal-fired electric generating facilities are abundant in Kentucky...

Petrology Palynology and Geochemistry of Gray Hawk Coal

As a consequence of the collapse of the peat dome leading to a rheotrophic ecosystem and a brackish or marine incursion the uppermost coal bench has a medium-sulfur content 155 dominated by pyritic sulfur 099 High-S content has been observed at the top of the coal bed in other eastern Kentucky coals 28 29 30 as well as coals from...

Coal Geology of Illinois Illinois

sulfur content of the coal below such strata normally ranges from 3 to 5 In certain areas however nonmarine silty gray shale units intervene between the coal and the overlying black shales and limeston When the gray shale exceeds about 20 ft in thickness the sulfur content generally is less than 25 commonly averaging 15...

Estimating tons of coal on a property Kentucky

Sep 19 2019 0183 32 In Kentucky estimates of coal tonnage use an 1 800 tons/acre-foot conversion factor which is derived from the average density of bituminous coal determined by the US Geological Survey Wood and others 1983 The actual density of coal varies depending on its rank degree of alteration and composition maceral content and mineral impurities...

Availability of low

Of the 22 coals discussed 17 contain less than 10 percent sulfur and the remainder average less than 20 percent sulfur Of an original 2 210 million tons of recoverable coal estimated for Fayette County 678 million tons were mined between 1888 and 1966 Thus the remaining recoverable coal reserves at the end of 1966 were 1 530 million tons...

Coal Markets

Aug 27 2021 0183 32 Average weekly coal commodity spot prices dollars per short ton Week ending Week ago change Central Appalachia 12 500 Btu 12 SO 2 Northern Appalachia 13 000 Btu 30 SO 2 Illinois Basin 11 800 Btu 50 SO 2 Powder River Basin 8 800 Btu 08 SO 2 Uinta Basin 11 700 Btu 08 SO 2 Source With permission S P Global Note Prompt quarter delivery coal prices by each region are...

Coal mining in Kentucky

Coal mining in Kentucky - Wikipedia...

Air Pollutant Emissions from Coal

Description of Coal The fuel burned in Unit A consisted of a high-volatile bituminous coal from Pennsylvania The coal for Unit B representing two levels of sulfur content was supplied from a Kentucky strip mine and a West ia deep mine Table I Summary of Tests Five tests on Unit A were intended to evaluate emissions at normal full-load...

11 Bituminous And Subbituminous Coal Combustion

1132 Sulfur Oxides4-Gaseous SOx from coal combustion are primarily sulfur dioxide SO2 with a much lower quantity of sulfur trioxide SO3 and gaseous sulfat These compounds form as the organic and pyritic sulfur in the coal are oxidized during the combustion process On average about 95...